Maliyet Muhasebesi JOB COSTING CHAPTER 3: JOB COSTING Question 1. Salmon Inc. allocates overhead based upon machine hours. Budgeted manufacturing overhead was $289,000 and budgeted machine hours were 8,500. Actual manufacturing overhead was $287,600 and actual machine hours were 8,400. Ending balances before proration are as follows: Materials inventory $200,000 Finished goods inventory 90,000 The cost of goods sold 700,000 Work in process 10,000 a. Determine the budgeted manufacturing overhead rate per machine hour. b. Compute the over/underallocated overhead. c. Dispose the under-overallocated amount using proration based on ending balances in Work in Process, Finished Goods and Cost of Goods Sold. d. Prepare the journal entry to dispose of the under/overallocated manufacturing overhead. Question 2. The following journal entries without dollar data were taken from the accounting records of Crack Company. Crack Company has a job-order costing system and applies overhead to jobs using a budgeted overhead rate. 1. Work in Process ...................... XXX MOH Control ........................... XXX Wages Payable ......................... XXX 2. MOH Control ........................... XXX Raw Materials ......................... XXX 3. MOH Control ........................... XXX Accumulated Depreciation ...... XXX 4. Work in Process ...................... XXX Raw Materials ......................... XXX 5. Work in Process ...................... XXX MOH Allocated ...................... XXX 6. Finished Goods ....................... XXX Work in Process ...................... XXX 7. Raw Materials ......................... XXX Accounts Payable .................... XXX a. Which one is the entry to record the purchase of raw materials: .......................... b. The entry to transfer the cost of goods manufactured for the period is: .............................. c. The entry to record the allocation of overhead is: .............. d. The entry to record depreciation on manufacturing equipment is: ............ Question 3. Brightly Company uses a job-order costing system for manufacturing parts of calculators. Summary of the transactions for the month September included: a. Materials purchased, $50,000. b. Direct materials used, $43,500 and indirect material used, $3,500. c. Direct labor incurred, $26,000, wages will be paid in August. d. Depreciation on the factory building, $17,000; maintenance expenses, $2,400; factory utilities expense, $3,600 and indirect manufacturing labor, $15,250. Utilities expense was paid in September. Maintenance and wages haven’t been paid yet. e. Indirect manufacturing cost allocated 150% of the direct manufacturing labor costs. f. Costs of orders completed, $106,000. g. Costs of goods sold, $111,000. Beginning balances on September 1 are as follows: Materials inventory $ 3,000 Finished goods inventory 8,000 Work in process 1,500 Required: a. Prepare journal entries to summarize September transactions. b. Compute the ending inventories of direct materials, work in process and finished goods c. Prepare a journal entry to write off the difference between allocated and actual overhead directly to cost of goods sold. Question 4. Faboski Company uses a normal costing system with a single manufacturing overhead cost pool and direct labor hours as the cost allocation base. The following data are available for the year ended December 31, 2002. Budgeted manufacturing overhead $1,125,000 Actual manufacturing overhead $1,100,000 Budgeted machine hours 12,500 machine hours Actual machine hours 13,100 machine hours Budgeted direct labor hours 1,875 labor hours Actual direct labor hours 1,750 labor hours a. Determine the budgeted manufacturing overhead rate. b. What is the manufacturing overhead allocated? c. Compute over-or under allocated manufacturing overhead in 2002. d. What is the proper journal entry to write off the over-or under allocated manufacturing overhead to cost of goods sold. Question 5. Tough Products Company manufactures pipes and applies manufacturing costs to production at a budgeted indirect-cost rate of $8 per direct labor-hour. The following data are obtained from the accounting records for June 2006: Direct materials $400,000 Direct labor (8,000 hours @ $11/hour) $ 88,000 Indirect labor $ 10,000 Plant facility rent $ 40,000 Depreciation on plant machinery $ 20,000 Sales salaries $ 30,000 Administrative expenses $ 40,000 a. What actual amount of manufacturing overhead costs was incurred during June 2006? b. What amount of manufacturing overhead was allocated to all jobs during June 2006? c. For June 2006, was manufacturing overhead underallocated or overallocated? d. Prepare a journal entry to write off the difference between allocated and actual overhead directly to Cost of Goods Sold. Question 6. TLM Company has two departments, A and B. Overhead is allocated based on machine-hours in Department A and direct labor costs in Department B. The following additional information is available: Budgeted Amounts Department A Department B Direct labor cost $180,000 $120,000 Manufacturing overhead $125,000 $180,000 Machine-hours 50,000 mh 40,000 mh The following information is the actual data for one of the jobs completed during the month: Actual data for Job no:37 Department A Department B Direct materials used $ 10,000 $ 16,000 Direct labor hours 2,000 DLH 1,500 DLH Machine-hours 7,000 mh 2,200 mh Direct labor cost is $20 for Department A and $18 for Department B a. Compute the budgeted manufacturing overhead rates for Department A and Department B. b. What is the total cost of Job 37? Question 7. Forever Corporation uses a job-order costing system. Summary of the transactions during 2002 as follows: a. Materials purchased, $100,000. b. Direct materials used, $75,000 and indirect material used, $12,500. c. Manufacuring overhead incurred, $ 21,500. d. Direct labor incurred, 1,000 direct labor hours at $75 per hour and indirect manufacturing labor was $4,250, wages will be paid in 2003 e. Manufacturing overhead allocated $ 19 per direct labor hour. f. Costs of goods manufactured, $200,000. g. Costs of goods sold, $185,000. Prepare journal entries to summarize transactions in 2002. Question 8. The following T accounts are for Stanford Company: Material Inventory Work in Process Finished Goods Inventory (Beg.) 7,000 (1) 19,000 24,000 (2) (Beg.) 11,000 (2) 15,000 (4) 18,000 (6) 31,000 62,000 (7) (Beg.) 18,000 (7) 62,000 (End.) 15,000 ? (8) MOH Control MOH Allocated Cost of Goods Sold (2) 9,000 (3) 16,000 (4) 8,000 (5) 5,000 31,000 (6) (8) ? Wages Payable Accounts Payable Accumulated Depreciation 26,000 (4) 19,000 (1) 5,000 (5) 82,000 (Beg.) 16,000 (3) a. How much is the indirect labor cost? ......................... b. The cost of goods manufactured is: ............................ c. The cost of goods sold (before adjustment for under- or overallocated overhead) is: ....................... d. The cost of direct materials used is: ...................................... e. The ending Work in Process account balance would be: .............................. f. How much is the under- or overallocated overhead? ................................ Question 9. Flex Company has two departments, X and Y. Overhead is applied based on direct-labor cost in Department X and machine hours in Department Y. The following additional information is available: Budgeted Amounts Department X Department Y Direct-labor cost $180,000 $165,000 Machine hours 51,000 40,000 Factory overhead $225,000 $180,000 Actual data for Job #10 are as follows: Department X Department Y Direct materials requisitioned $10,000 $16,000 Direct-labor cost $11,000 $14,000 Machine hours 5,000 3,000 Required: a. What is the total overhead cost of Job 10? b. If Job 10 consists of 50 units of product, what is the unit cost of this job? Question 10. Golding Company uses a predetermined overhead rate to allocate overhead. Overhead is allocated on the basis of direct labor hours in department 1 and on the basis of machine hours in department 2. At the beginning of the year, the following estimates are provided: Department One Department Two Direct Labor Hours 100,000 20,000 Machine Hours 10,000 30,000 Direct Labor Cost $ 750,000 $ 160,000 Overhead Cost $ 250,000 $ 162,000 Actual Costs reported for all jobs during the year are as follows: Department One Department Two Direct Labor Hours 98,000 21,000 Machine Hours 11,000 32,000 Direct Labor Cost $ 748,000 $ 168,000 Overhead Cost $ 247,500 $ 175,000 The accounting Records of the company show the following data for Job 60: Department One Department Two Direct Labor Hours 125 50 Machine Hours 10 205 Direct Material Cost $ 1,580 $ 2,650 Direct Labor Cost $ 937 $ 400 a. Compute the predetermined overhead rate for each department. b. Compute the total cost of Job 60. c. If there are 50 units in Job 60, what is the unit cost? Question 11. Crocus Corporation uses direct labor-hours in calculating its predetermined overhead rate. At the beginning of the year, manufacturing overhead for the year was estimated to be $250,860. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 20,800 hours, the actual manufacturing overhead for the year was $245,860, and manufacturing overhead for the year was under applied by $10,820. a) Compute the predetermined overhead rate. b) Compute estimated (budgeted) direct labor hours. Question 12. Kampas Company uses a normal costing system with a single manufacturing overhead cost pool and machine hours as the cost allocation base. The following data are available for the year ended December 31, 2007. Budgeted manufacturing overhead $125,000 Actual manufacturing overhead $110,000 Budgeted machine hours 1,500 machine hours Actual machine hours 1,250 machine hours Budgeted direct labor hours 850 labor hours Actual direct labor hours 870 labor hours a. Determine the budgeted manufacturing overhead rate. b. What is the manufacturing overhead allocated? c. Compute over-or under allocated manufacturing overhead in 2007. d. If actually 400 machine hours and 120 direct labor hours are used by Job 102. Compute the MOH allocated to Job 102. Question 13. Tarrell Company uses a budgeted overhead rate based on direct labor hours to allocate manufacturing overhead to jobs. At the beginning of the year the company estimated its total manufacturing overhead cost at $400,000 and its direct labor-hours at 100,000 hours. The actual overhead cost incurred during the year was $350,000 and the actual direct labor hours incurred on jobs during the year was 90,000 hours. a. Determine the budgeted manufacturing overhead rate. b. What is the manufacturing overhead allocated? c. Compute over-or under allocated manufacturing overhead. d. What is the proper journal entry to write off the over-or under allocated manufacturing overhead to cost of goods sold.