Termodinamik Termodinamik Ders Notu 2006 (Duriye Bilge) Er. ds ( T-§) C Vi~ç) OC,i.t {J!' i i i Ps!A ve ~i::>+ p1os.e.s\er;n;n 1::-Cif~!\cq;.}wl! \rriq::;.l l f Cv ""!OJP\=Wne (). \"", == Q ne. o (a ri -=. v.,j ro e:.A­ -=-9 t1e~ ---):; siv( Tds; ~ çSi - i S~S\ ~ ST~ J cl~;fl::<':;f\ Sf.,+ J ' [&i =- T .~s 1 lsb+ ;c,;r; ~\-t -QL. == T». bÇ3~-LL DSu LT» - IL.)-b S - W1-u[ :::: 6.1,i ~C""P -:oc 6.\i "9 isi deg' = b h 9 1::02.-0>1' =b \, W?"""lo.. ;;:.-, .al-., Td - ~d~-:: r 1::!s lSb~p'0ni \c;;D S ~~ = Tids /, S<9i - gw. = dW,feç -}e..-- . "er [jdS'~ pdl9'~ dCi:7 ,~ '- G;bb.s de"I:J~J'i';; e:­ C 500 k'... ili::- slCç,\::.kgtnda ve.. So ~ ,$;lcci.l(ISinöeiti s:>lc o-h1t:f! i -h::srv";L k,:,tlQ.''f\de d&f'lr b\o't.. :Ll?S K- i deD~:::Je ~(;~c:. i;;J.) Dem:, b!03U<1 ~) G~iv0 <§) ToplOfY) d9'~;d!' '/ ~~i - T::iG\ _ - So OL- O, U.5 x_ ClöS- Soo) ---'-- ~ 2-~S - (01 C J:;. -r)der.-iir Tsö/ ~-) 6S-fof'tcvYl :::: Svr = .,6 S-cl,.".,."r + .ti.SS<'51 \1 :;. {o'" C. \Li- :::-rs..;."c \1 .= '\S,'O'C vi. :::-2ro kP<\ Vz -::: ~i sev E. 1(..Li (eJ'f'I) h~ ~ Y2,0.\ 1c..1fdc.t. h;;.::: 2 ':t6 ~ i ~ IL J ;'~'$ . -,} L 1 'II. h3:;;. .3'->19.{ '!.Jilt.-g ...",. S{ ::: OI~Si l:::::}t!cgt:. 5;?- :::. -:ti 2'}-9Ç ij Ss ;' ~{DCf ç'3 /1' C Ali (ff{, ~ (Ali r n - S-,'~\J1 ~-------.~ O i ~ E:-\),Cc i::;, , , + t P ci\! tiJ.' ~ 0- =' (27 :p - ~ -r-\i pz iJ-i.-- =- lL, Ti;­ '----'---'"'-~ iJ_{ ::: RTi ~~ 0:z:' /Tz. Pf \Tt ='i"j '- ;;;: 00 L Cv J2n 12 +.e.. fLci ~ ,] ---"'f"- __ ~ -rj vi-, . "" .... , ----~=~ 0!2. - ~1 -:::- C Cv + 1Z.) Q.o Lts-=o~.- ---------.; i HDt" bt...•.. o" J i ~p~{f .,-,:;+. de i \ \ i w==S-PdJ- \ r i I-+""hr !a.tmo. i .- ~:;>.g.-~, ., ~. ;1:':".Lcipc.l1 '~.siS·,t.~\er~~ e§c 71"\;11 ci!-t.ndc.b ola.') i'~1-'"i< • d h -:;.du +- 'f:>diJ -j J-dP "'-~_.,-~-"~~-} Td,S dh :::: "TdS + 0-dp h :::: Li -+ PV p'DseJ _es ,~s~'n sd -\-a-Gt-f\ •... dc, l::.dm 01(1) asiL- ~~S+Qr.,\~ fc,in p 1 ri~T1 f) - f + a \!Jb:>!l!'f ""1'1 (} \""1-.~J ILJ' 'i;i.eri tio p \L L. ';iv/ TC 4-":) tr 1kr . 5JO.~. h..,hi;ir h= K ~ (i-X) hf h ~~f f- '( (~- h-P) s =)t, 5.9 + (1-)(tsf --~-=\L ~~+- K ($5 ~SF~I '" 'guho.{ 'v\.b. ..::;::;L AA W Pi =31\1\ \=>c:. [1 -= li00" C ?ef t.e ;; O . YiI-,h2Ci vVo/..st;,el.._ 'V'J+dr ~'l]f -2b'9:i J'Ly { - i~;::,tis b') I..AJD= Ni Ci.,~-hCl) L<'>DD = ~ (32st_ib~3) ? ;') C\d2Pli:Af~l­ b) ~= ~, fS -- t)4 -=- ~ - --- ,- ~ 6 \ TiP * Si:s+&'rldd) rrio, kSi''''' Vr<') s e:i-\-'3i br !:-vr0k","'~.s.+Ur- &in"/1 .lc-uHoriilC\bil;, eC)~,t:J lCF'::ki ebseu's) (je b;::do.r d-=t2JY, V=~OMts HQVOl d0{~ri 0\50\ C, <>..rre Si j\e. dense:~e(.?,.I..': \i<::>lck) OkKaL-h ,llit<1dCa t-n:u cle>lCZ'.:.:l'st;IQ k'<'\K-1-\L e5)4YS. 1JoJ- <.Bu ri'2-d_~,~IJZ .l?w\Li::>,('\,lC\blb-i'gf ~deLe -ke \ d;r. (~O rn tc» 2 i le'"l\a>" lOh I,', Ô-i'çu -§ i" V , ,,, J ' (~ ;;:» f\i\ \,\, :.fJCC.!' t:--~JfS;/"i\ L ~tJLCif\hcÜ;i Ir1igft'1!_ ~ , lt' c lde .e di!.e:rW::L (t:ull~ii(!ft1(;,i) ! L •• i ) 1+ '\ derR;L. 'dea LA;"'; b:r iY'O!:.., oi~n / \':'10K\ ODrcl:.... % :+31':;,,;; 2""1$ -,..(-~' = o,.'}3 - ~l-\CO b6(ti~ bOr .:;,\$+errvAe..1) eld.eediRf!' l.sl'n i,J;>...,j().dl ,+"",,CL ;.;;n l.u l\omhcf\ -~~ blr ku \\Of\OmQ\:j I.l, • ...."J c,e-He, = P';) (\1,.. -\14) b,r LI.$ffll) Oma.c"IQ 9 ""-l -; W i;e.•. ,"E: ( , i i bin/c ;'f')' o\.duf~ - 1 \/VB· -:.. i ~ "",h U<':Je,eL .sOldece.. ;',L !riO \1 T ve .p kWtl\ir= -l<-'-Jl!ofiilq Wclik. TefSii\;r i{> , lRI;dr, ;1::.:\riQ( ,DCl4s\oda.k:, i,olde5'1.:?fn1. -Sin::i,S;:I<1dc. bir do:i dJç eda~bJiec.el::.. eA <;oL 8D-f--,Q! oL:i'1>...ird~ ise/ wsiriic ~ k.•..•. IICli1ik'i:;>,lri,9€' cs-,+/fr. TerJ'YVr ;~le. :rrc;d joJo,dl \(i oras'rdat~ ~d:. fe.fsiClf'llt:.:2llkJerde» Loe:i0-öU()N)\rr ve. +.zç3~f\me.2Ft:.,CI~ ciJloridirilir v<- i ;L~Jri Il[-t-~ - ri] 0+\;,+,,:r c ," :::ol'So o,;lo =---~-===- O(?,Q 01"+0 _ i\1L Arô\9\ ! Der-nel~ A her i dl:::\l-~0Cl dq doho cP"- ~y dde; .doho be. 'PT'I il . D\dIUç.r1 \Sl'lir, "'/0 301\.AilL! ,"?e C,ev'I':t-0r ::?r:n;:;~ e.-ti-r>e o~C(r:asl varLen·1 hob oh 30 tunu 't-e e,ev;(icf'" ~ _ CoP ~- (\.~\ p\O'«ipAS>1 ve- ')' . 6c3o-t.rn'; . G.e."Jrim~. 'Glf\ 0:j (\1 = %10 dkü J' , ! ·llSI e lei+c',i '-'E:f(/'}\\e. C,o'\{~h§.r;i i \ L < '7 D\oio'lirCl\! , ~/.:> (DO Qe5c,et. v ' Ek fk~ 'tSv IddjOl i~ . v 6rnck.. '" 00+'(1='r-- 1,:;\c..e+ +'.ç;i her b:"';, J-....; l eleL+e,,,,, 'c;,ni iSltrl' drfOr-i;Q 2b~ ~ b:r-;t­ IsI ver;~'. ISi ISi COP = 15ifi ( V.2- Vf,) = t,0Jf'~ .tw~' (:jqinbri ~y W3er ::; vvJjar""l! = iU \ -0;2. ) - To CS t - S2 ) + w-{er=Vi-lli, ·~T~(Si -\.1) t-Vo (V-t-V.L) PO (Vi:-V.i) _'f,,» \JV.J O d-';C'\':r::ll 1-_ • it\ir Wmc..,,: = fZS. ~ U - Uo - To (s-~",) +- Pc> (v- \/0) .'"..k.qpDh Sis +e",,;n .k..ul!ot1.i'obli.'ri;g~ . v ~b(.A sfS+vi-deJI( (1e.,;re ,le ~ hgl;nsz. ~\~ JeL dde.. edeb;lecefi/lliZ r001kS:m"'fl'/ -r ÔSi'l\fr 'r VJ := 2~ (ha 1-i V61. + 8-:e.;3 - To~) - Lmc; ( he; + ~ \/<.'2. -i 8'~ç TcS~) 'VJ+ LJ /i:a {J-3 ~ LG)" 1t:5 x 's L~ IS = S.9o\.t LvJ (siri't OILIIYHuhes{ -----------~~--- ii).. ArO\ci QL:;,I~l:;,Qr) ide.al f.?p2 ...o(~r;Qt... J:.cbul edaeri V'e_ -5;0relJ, lLctpO{J .,c.c'./"'~ H~o'vC>.s~Jo.rh ./:::.ohwlv ~pÜon 1~e,jNf\1'I\efe. ~o. c..e:..r .•l'm'i' ;d..e/')ir l, 1'_.1." \. ' { , ~L ." ." d'~ i' L._'_. i ' ,O.:2\.imv '-"'-=~'4::I'.O"n!rl}~ ic.hl ';:f-'P'I'OIl 's<::S roir LOJ Y'iOJ'..rcrHJ') '~\"..;i, i~ i::d,,:~;:Pi e-?r t- cliiri' r .&Ci -tv b'~ eL~D';:' edip ~rie.. i ~presOre. hctvC\oIMC\ c.L~j dcr-- ~le~~ ~+-'Cvdon L:.cf·h,) L.inJL: .... J1 1 UÖ('-.\ -) N·, 0-54- es L~ no\s.~ '" \+- <'" /.'n,eJ:_ ; qe vf :d1.re~ ~e b ,y ~~i ; 09 k;:::>N'f'eso,' 'S"ce.lkS>\3ôO"i<:.. i L0""PC€~d1 6.l-i~hrrnQ of!)JH bj -r~,rb,i'\ 9" ,,7.;;> s1 ~2DOQI<::- 1 d:r. ~~<"pre~ '- b = A1bb'iS:: ---=-- =-") ~ L~= -=tJ~ K- ~~~'-7 0,4 r ) j ( i) .' / - ) ( .) le; ::;. t't\ I, h.5-h.:;; -= 'i "h4 -ti.:i- :=- Cp L T1- l:l-/ :;;- Cp . <:)00 - Ç'oO -=- - -_ Jts ~ = W"e+ = W+-W~ = Cp (>f200-i-{Q)- (PCSOo __ }~.;; Er::} a~ 92-1. Cp(T3 - Tz) '"" ii' ~ C'P.L 17-90 -ÇOOJV~ --;:. <2 \/i... '-li-.=. Gi g,,{ g" Cv "11.)-(,,6... .:1 Cv (TJ- Ti $4 -eoIS~ = P3 b8'9,2 i'lS:n.. C\<::U(\~nde i stt.: i ~hr!"V'q Gst- .st; s.:Jn b.r S+'oC ~l0l18tOf\dc;,U lco.S\I1G ~oo i.:::Pq (stc~i\,t. 300 ~ t(up C,e:dr:"ne 151 ,..-,dk i ..2DDD ~51l:cq. ~e.J(;rnJ,? v ,i :s.~n~{\ SDf)0{~,do bO Si..n ~ ~ .si cc·'1~c\~ ~_ ~)' A" ~I.C '.jC;r: fY'';ri. ; 'Pt ) La l.:i 2\ , l Li ) v~1'1 i \ i i ~~ --t p~ ~ (vit ri ' V~ +iz- ~i\.i - =;;{ ,\cco ~:6ibs.+\('r()C\ oron! S\CI(1dO, bo.S\f\S 100 kc.PG< f --re.r lari­ {'lôO kJ- {1:-f' , v '-h = o, &b{ m31>:.g '1\5: = l fo ~ ~i= 0;0538 ,.~-ij~ .i P2J) J-. =- K T2.. ~gOg"t.. '" :::::;. 19ro = Cp (T3 -T~J ~ ~::. '2-:t03, ~ IL.. 2,) >J qi J - i <14 f \ 92-.3 ,,~OO - CvCf,-\ -i') 1&00